[ADHD] 주의력결핍 과잉행동장애 아동에서 뉴로피드백 치료의 효과에 대한 예비 연구 (서울대학교 의과대학, 2012)

2016-08-15 16:33
주의력결핍 과잉행동장애 아동에서 뉴로피드백 치료의 효과에 대한 예비 연구

서울대학교 의과대학 정신건강의학교실,1 대전 지 정신과2 김혜리1·김재원1·홍순범1·조정혜2·김붕년1·신민섭1·조수철1
Effects of Neurofeedback in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder : A Preliminary Study
Hye Lee Kim, MD1, Jae Won Kim, MD, PhD1, Soon Beom Hong, MD1, Jeong Hye Cho, MD2, Bung Nyun Kim, MD, PhD1, Min Sup Shin, PhD1 and Soo Churl Cho, MD, PhD1 1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea 2Chee Psychiatric Clinic, Daejeon, Korea


The slow cortical potential (SCP) training is one of the methods of neurofeedback which is considered as an adjunctive treatment for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the SCP training in children with ADHD.


Subjects were consisted of 12 children aged between 7 and 13 years and all of the subjects have completed neuropsychological tests to assess their cognitive and executive functioning, before and after their neurofeedback training. Their parents have completed the KoreanADHD Rating Scale (ARS). Each subject was given 30 sessions of SCP training.


The inattention scores and total ARS scores of the subjects have decreased (Z=-2.54, p<0.05, Z=-2.26, p<0.05, respectively) after training, but the hyperactivity/impulsivity scores did not show significant improvement. The commission error scores for both the visual and auditory ADHD diagnostic system (ADS) showed a trend toward improvement after training (p=0.053, p= 0.092, respectively). The larger improvement of positive task of feedback trial, which is one of the methods of SCP training, was associated with the larger reduction of ARS total scores (p<0.05) and the larger improvement of negative task of transfer trial was associated with a larger reduction of omission error scores of auditory ADS (p<0.05). ConclusionZZThis study suggests that the SCP neurofeedback program may improve ADHD symptoms and assumes that SCP training is a viable treatment option for ADHD treatment.